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The Postmodern notion that truth is community-oriented likewise appeals to few Christian theologians. Postmodern Philosophy — Subjective Truth One of the themes in Postmodern philosophy is a denial of universal, objective truth. Lyotard suggests that we should be skeptical of such broad explanations.
Written or verbal statements can reflect only a particular localized culture or individual point of view. Their story that explains the world is that there are no explanations of the world, only local stories told by various cultures.
For this reason, we refer to Postmodernism as the anti-worldview worldview. Postmodern Philosophy — Language and Deconstruction Regarding literature, Postmodernists are highly concerned with the language of written texts. The term defining the major literary methodology of Postmodernists is deconstruction.
Associated with the work of the French philosopher Jacques Derrida, deconstruction involves reading a text to ferret out its hidden or multiple meanings polysemy. Also significant is the subjectivity of the reader in determining what the author intended.
For example, a reader may feel that a particular text really means an author is racist, even though the written text makes it clear that the author deplores racism.
Thus, Postmodern literary criticism claims that words never describe the objective world but only refer to other words. Just as you, the reader, are creating the meaning of this text, you also construct the world according to your culture and experiences.
This view is called the correspondence theory of truth. However, Postmodernists claim this kind of Truth is impossible to achieve. Thus, according to the Postmodernist paradigm of anti-realism, there is no real world to which truth can correspond.
Rather, our words correspond only to other words and, in the end, create our understanding of reality. If words signify only other words, then words can never be used in the pursuit of Truth.
Foucault insists that none of these is a pipe, but merely a text that simulates a pipe. In addition, it is true only as long as this community agrees upon this particular usage.
In fact, the community determines what is truth through the words it chooses to use. Richard Rorty has said that truth for him is whatever his community of scholars allows him to get away with. If Rorty says the moon is made of green cheese and his community does not disagree with him, then for him the moon is made of green cheese.
Again, reality is not what objectively exists; reality is produced by our agreement of what it is. We do not discover true facts about the real world—we create it.
French cultural theorist Jean Baudrillard took this concept to its logical conclusion. The truth that real people were killed did not seem to enter the equation.Professional custom writing service offers custom essays, term papers, research papers, thesis papers, reports, reviews, speeches and dissertations of superior quality written from scratch by highly qualified academic writers.
Why Philosophy at Cambridge? Philosophy explores human thought, the basis of knowledge, the nature of reason, consciousness and cognition, as well as the foundations of value and political theory.
So trust underpins both epistemic and practical cooperation and is key to philosophical debates on the conditions of its possibility. It is difficult to overstate the significance of these issues.
The Philosophy of Trust - Paul Faulkner; Thomas Simpson - Oxford University Press. Going back to the essential question, "When should we trust our senses to give us truth?" In other words, in what aspects of our life can we trust ourselves to understand the .
Kohn , an essay on trust, Baier is probably the single most influential article on trust in philosophy and is a must-read (see also Accounts of Trust).
The important paper Gambetta serves as an introduction to game-theoretic accounts of trust. % ORIGINAL WORK Original pieces of writing.
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