Evidence-based programs and clinical services to prevent teen pregnancy through individual behavior change are important, but research is also shedding light on the role social determinants of health play in the overall distribution of disease and health, including teen pregnancy. The health determinants affect a wide range of health issues and quality-of-life outcomes and risks. Certain social determinants, such as high unemployment, low education, and low income, have been associated with higher teen birth rates. Interventions that address socioeconomic conditions like these can play a critical role in addressing disparities observed in US teen birth rates.
Teen Pregancy is a Serious Problem Bad for the Mother Future prospects for teenagers decline significantly if they have a baby.
Teen mothers are less likely to complete school and more likely to be single parents. Less than one-third of teens who begin their families before age 18 ever earn a high school diploma. There are serious health risks for adolescents who have babies.
Young adolescents particularly those under age 15 experience a maternal death rate 2. Common medical problems among adolescent mothers include poor weight gain, pregnancy-induced hypertension, anemia, sexually transmitted diseases STDsand cephalopelvic disproportion.
Later in life, adolescent mothers tend to be at greater risk for obesity and hypertension than women who were not teenagers when they had their first child. Teen pregnancy is closely linked to poverty and single parenthood. A study showed that almost one-half of all teenage mothers and over three-quarters of unmarried teen mothers began receiving welfare within five years of the birth of their first child.
The growth in single-parent families remains the single most important reason for increased poverty among children over the last twenty years, as documented in the Economic Report of the President.
Out-of-wedlock childbearing as opposed to divorce is currently the driving force behind the growth in the number of single parents, and half of first out-of-wedlock births are to teens.
Therefore, reducing teen pregnancy and child-bearing is an obvious place to anchor serious efforts to reduce poverty in future generations.
Bad for the Child Children born to teen mothers suffer from higher rates of low birth weight and related health problems. The proportion of babies with low birth weights born to teens is 28 percent higher than the proportion for mothers age Low birth weight raises the probabilities of infant death, blindness, deafness, chronic respiratory problems, mental retardation, mental illness, and cerebral palsy.
In addition, low birth weight doubles the chances that a child will later be diagnosed as having dyslexia, hyperactivity, or another disability. Children of teens often have insufficient health care.
Despite having more health problems than the children of older mothers, the children of teen mothers receive less medical care and treatment.
In his or her first 14 years, the average child of a teen mother visits a physician and other medical providers an average of 3. And when they do visit medical providers, more of the expenses they incur are paid by others in society.
One recent study suggested that the medical expenses paid by society would be reduced dramatically if teenage mothers were to wait until they were older to have their first child. Children of teen mothers often receive inadequate parenting. Children born to teen mothers are at higher risk of poor parenting because their mothers—and often their fathers as well—are typically too young to master the demanding job of being a parent.
Still growing and developing themselves, teen mothers are often unable to provide the kind of environment that infants and very young children require for optimal development. Recent research, for example, has clarified the critical importance of sensitive parenting and early cognitive stimulation for adequate brain development.
Given the importance of careful nurturing and stimulation in the first three years of life, the burden born by babies with parents who are too young to be in this role is especially great. Children with adolescent parents often fall victim to abuse and neglect.
A recent analysis found that there are reported incidents of abuse and neglect per 1, families headed by a young teen mother. By contrast, in families where the mothers delay childbearing until their early twenties, the rate is less than half this level—or 51 incidents per 1, families.
Similarly, rates of foster care placement are significantly higher for children whose mothers are under Children of teenagers often suffer from poor school performance.
Children of teens are 50 percent more likely to repeat a grade; they perform much worse on standardized tests; and ultimately they are less likely to complete high school than if their mothers had delayed childbearing.
Bad for Us All The U.ABSTRACT Teenage pregnancy is a social problem that is not fixed by sexual education or abstinence but an overall buildup of a person to lead a healthy life with a .
Teenage Pregnancy: The Causes to a Social Problem Essay Sample Many factors can be named in exploring the causes of teenage pregnancy, most of them proven by reliable studies among teenage women and women who underwent teenage pregnancy.
Teenage Pregnancy as a Societal Problem Essay TEENAGE PREGNANCY AS A SOCIAL PROBLEM Submitted to Dr. Gwenetha Pusta University of Santo Tomas Sampaloc, Manila In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Communication Arts in the Faculty of Arts and Letters Bernabe, Christine Melissa M.
4CA1 Absentee parents Absentee parents. Considering teenage pregnancy in terms of negative social outcomes has led to teenage pregnancy being considered a social problem and strategies to try to . The teen pregnancy rate (which includes pregnancies that end in a live birth and those that end in termination or miscarriage) has declined by 51 percent since – from to Teenage pregnancies cause many health, social problems 13 February -- About 16 million teenage girls become mothers every year.
In this episode we talk about the .