At its crudest, the traitors thesis argues that the USSR was on track for socialism until the death of Stalin when a group of traitors to socialism, who had managed to worm their way into the top echelons of the party, took control. It is a 'bad man' theory of history that has a similar methodology to the manner in which bourgeois history is taught in terms of the reign of wicked and beneficial King's and Queen's. The traitors thesis leaves many questions unanswered.
Neo-Colonialism The collapse of the Soviet Union at the end of the 's was a great blow to the hopes of revolutionaries. Why did it collapse? The primary causes were political and economic and they were the result of the culture of war.
The immediate cause of the Soviet collapse was economic, as the Soviet Union lost the arms race and international competition with the West. The United States was able to profit from its imperialist exploitation of other countries, while socialism could only lose economically in that competition.
By the end, the ruble collapsed as Soviet consumers turned to imports to satisfy their needs. They could not buy a good pair of leather boots or a good television set or a computer made in the Soviet Union, because all the boots and the electronics were swallowed up by military procurement.
And, needless to say, there were no quality goods to export in order to balance imports. Economic factors were linked to political and psychological factors. As the Soviet economist Latsis said at the time, "the gloomy background of the worsening market situation Another factor was the lack of honest information, the secrecy and propaganda that is central to the culture of war.
As contradictions mounted the Soviet people became more and more cynical about the propaganda of government-controlled media. It was common to hear the Russian people say that you could find truth anywhere except in Pravda and the news anywhere except in Izvestia. This was exacerbated by the propaganda warfare carried out by the West in Radio Free Europe and by dissidents in self-published Samizdat.
Secrecy and distortion of information have disastrous economic as well as political effects. As explained in a article "Secrecy and restricted movement, the hallmarks of militarism and bureaucracy, pervaded Soviet society when I was working there.
They hampered the work of the scientific institutes where I was located, even though they were not doing military research. As a result, I found that all levels of the system, from institutes to ministries, were isolated from each other, both by barriers to communication and by an attitude that one should mind one's own business.
As the article by Latsis put it, "The glitter of [the war-time economic] miracle blinded us for decades, and the command-administrative methods of the extensively developing economy took firm root in the country.
In other words, the Soviet Union had developed its own military-industrial complex. Economic indicators were routinely suppressed or falsified to the point that when the final economic collapse was imminent there were no published figures to indicate the points of weakness.
For example, as Latsis remarksthe government did not even admit until that it was running a budget deficit.Roskin discusses three theories about causes of the collapse of the Soviet Union. Discuss whether all three of the causes are equally at fault, or whether one, more than the other, is the basic culprit of the demise of the USSR.
Roskin three theories about causes of the collapse of the Soviet Union Roskin discusses three theories about causes of the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Choose one of these theories and explain how it relates to the collapse of the USSR, and assess and justify whether it relates to its . The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on 26 December , officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Soviet Union (USSR). It was a result of the declaration number Н of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.
Feb 25, · The Revolutions of and the Fall of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev believed that a better Soviet economy depended on better relationships with the . The Cold War and the Ideological Battle - The Cold War was the clash of cultures between the United States and the Soviet Union that coloured many major geopolitical events in the latter half of the twentieth century.
Roskin Theories On The Collapse Of The Soviet Union End of the Soviet Union The coup attempt sparked anger against the Communist Party. Gorbachev resigned as general secretary of the party.