January 17, at 1: I agree with your point that such exchanges are often primarily about outside readers. That said, they also help us to hone our own arguments and thinking, which is one of the reasons why I engage in them. However, I always try to be open to change, which usually results from road-testing elements of my own thinking, to see what people can respond with and what holes they can pick.
Rawkets by Reid Southen Introduction Germinating in regions far apart, these empires easily mastered any sub-utopian worlds that lay within reach.
Thus they spread from one planetary system to another, til at last empire made contact with empire.
Then followed wars such as had never occurred before in our galaxy. Fleets of worlds, natural and artificial, manoeuvred among the stars to outwit one another, and destroyed one another with long-range jets of sub-atomic energy. As the tides of battle spread hither and thither through space, whole planetary systems were annihilated.
Many a world spirit found a sudden end.
Many a lowly race that had no part in the strife was slaughtered in the celestial warfare that raged around it. At least to the extent that competition and aggression are recognized solutions to ecological limitations, evidence accumulated to date suggests that the concept of war should not be strange to many sentient extra terrestrial races.
Purposive murder, which has been called "individual war,"31 has been observed in countless vertebrate animal species, including lions, hyenas, macaques, chimpanzees, gorillas, baboons, elephants seals, wild dogs, hippos, seagulls, bears, and mountain lions.
Wilson, this means that lions are excessively violent by human standards: If some imaginary Martian zoologist visiting Earth were to observe man as simply one more species over a very long period of time, he might conclude that we are among the more pacific mammals as measured by serious assaults or murders per individual per unit time, even when our episodic wars are averaged in.
Recent studies of hyenas, lions, and langur monkeys, to take three familiar species, have disclosed that individuals engage in lethal fighting, infanticide, and even cannibalism at a rate far above that found in human societies. When a count is made of the number of murders committed per thousand individuals per year, human beings are well down on the list of violently aggressive creatures.
Hyena packs clash in deadly pitched battles that are virtually indistinguishable from primitive human warfare.
I suspect that if hamadryas baboons had nuclear weapons, they would destroy the world in a week. Consider the factors of sentience, dispersion, size and heritage. Beings having genetic sentience have no concept of the self and thus no empathy for the pain and suffering of others.
Genetic warriors should be the most ruthless and persistent, each individual driven on by the community urge with no thought of self-preservation.
Similarly, communal sentients should be highly pacific among themselves but instantly reactive to any threat to the community at large. Personal sacrifice may be moderated by personal consciousness, but war will be perceived more as a match between two social organisms rather than as a contest between individual combatants.
Patriotism may serve as a primary emotion rather than a vague ethical ideal, so communal soldiers may fight with a unity of purpose unparalleled in all of human experience. Finally, brain sentients such as human beings will fear for the integrity of the self without the matching support of a visceral sense of community.
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|Edgar Wallace||Apartheid legislation NP leaders argued that South Africa did not comprise a single nation, but was made up of four distinct racial groups: Such groups were split into 13 nations or racial federations.|
Xenologists expect them to be among the poorest warriors in the Galaxy. The late Quincy Wright, a leading international jurist and political scientist, showed that the frequency of war on Earth is inversely correlated with the number of barriers to mobility.
As heritage becomes more divergent, war between the different social units is expected to become more frequent since, according to Wright: Cultural heterogeneity within a state tends to involve it in wars of two types: On energy considerations alone, war may be rather inexpensive.
In an earlier chapter we discussed the dispatch of starliners similar in bulk to the Starship Enterprise.
Let us convert to wartime status. Our heavy cruiser starvessel is dispatched from Capitol World at a steady 1 gee acceleration, reaching the enemy star system light-years distant in 9 years shipboard time using a Standard Flight Plan.
When it arrives in orbit around the sole inhabited planet of the enemy star system, it hammers the civilization into submission by destroying all major population centers. This is accomplished by fusing into molten slag the top ten meters of 0.Debating Calvinism A Sympathetic Synopsis By: B.
K. Campbell (Part 2) Considering the blunders and errors that Mr. Hunt committed in the first half of the book it is quite surprising that he persists into the second half. It must be admitted, it is rather challenging to read this book without experiencing a certain amount of frustration.
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo.
Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from plombier-nemours.com Reflections on the Calvinism Debate with James White. By lofradio Feb 18, / 27 Comments Tweet.
http Dr. Brown’s Bottom Line: Whether you are a Calvinist, Imagine that you had to write a letter to anorexic women to encourage them to eat, imagine how you would phrase yourself, now imagine that millions of obese people read that. Majoring on the minors. I plan to write an article on the topic of “majoring on the minors” at a later date, but this issue can serve as an example for now.
This is testable by looking back more than a century and seeing how many of the issues back then were won by the right and then proceeded to fossilize on that side of the Overton window.
So in writing these posts on Calvinism, I am hoping to show Calvinists that there is another way, that they can truly believe that God is love, that God looks like Jesus, and that grace and mercy abounds to all. I am not trying to attack Calvinists, as much as show them the love and light of Jesus.