Does homework improve student achievement?
Homework has been labeled criminal by some and was even blamed for childhood mortality! The essential question is this: Is homework worth it?
The Costs To answer that deceptively simple question we have to build a little balance sheet of costs and benefits; the costs of homework include time, in many cases a substantial time investment from students and often from parents as well. The amount of time spent on homework on average has increased in recent years.
A recent survey of public high school teachers shows that on average each teacher assigns 3. For those of you without an abacus that amounts to an average of Time spent at school plus time spent on homework equals Now factor in extra-curricular activities, sports, band, clubs, and so forth.
Gee, why are kids so stressed out these days? There seems to be a kind of top-down pressure with students and their families occupying the unenviable bottom position. Missing or late homework assignments are punished with draconian grade reductions.
Oh, this assignment is 1 day late? More than 3 days? That should completely destroy any hope a grade you can feel good about! Thus, teaching is gradually but inexorably ceasing to be a collaborative project among students, teachers, and parents to cultivate young minds and has instead become an impersonal process based on fear of penalties.
Teachers are penalized for underperforming students in a variety of ways that can include reductions in status, pay, and even job-loss, or in the case of a brilliant new Massachusetts proposal even loss of license to teach!
Students are punished with low grades and all of the twisted, agonizing fall-out of school-related anxiety and disappointed, stressed-out parents. So back to that balance sheet: Those are some steep costs, so I guess it must all be worthwhile, right?
Many good parents would gladly accept at least some of these burdens if it really meant their kids were getting a top-notch education.
But… Is it worth it? Not according to professional contrarian Alfie Kohn and others. Meanwhile, those legendary pedagogues in Finland dole out little in the way of homework even as their students repeatedly top the world rankings.
Egalitarians like French president Francoise Hollande who proposed banning homework in point out that student from wealthier families with a relative abundance of resources have a disproportionate advantage in completing homework assignments.
One recent headline from Florida vividly illustrates his point: Miami-Dade libraries are overcrowded with students waiting in line to get on the internet to complete their math homework because they have no internet access at home.
Clearly these kids have a much tougher time completing their homework than their wealthier counterparts with the luxury of broadband wifi at home. But the disparity goes much deeper than that.Harris Cooper, a well-known homework researcher, who is a professor of education and psychology at Duke University, says that no more than two hours of homework a night should be .
Find out how too much homework actually affects students. How Does Homework Affect Students’ Health? Homework can affect both students’ physical and mental health. According to a study by Stanford University, 56 per cent of students considered homework a primary source of stress. So, does homework really help students perform better on tests?
The answer is yes, but only up to a certain extent. When given too much homework, students become stressed, less healthy, develop a negative mind-set towards school and spend less time with family, friends and developing interests outside of school.
Sep 23, · For high school students, the positive line continues to climb until between 90 minutes and 2½ hours of homework a night, after which returns diminish. Beyond achievement, proponents of homework argue that it can have many other beneficial effects.
They claim it can help students develop good study habits so they are ready to grow as their cognitive capacities mature. The average high school student doing homework outperformed 69% of the students in a class with no homework. Homework in middle school was half as effective.
In elementary school, there is no measurable correlation between homework and achievement. Sep 23, · The homework question is best answered by comparing students who are assigned homework with students assigned no homework but who are similar in other ways.
The results of such studies suggest that homework can improve students' scores on .