His mother was an accomplished organist and choir leader who took him to various churches to sing, and he received attention for singing "I Want to Be More and More Like Jesus".
Articles Explore articles from the History Net archives about Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. His eloquence as a speaker and his personal charisma, combined with a deeply rooted determination to establish equality among all races despite personal risk won him a world-wide following.
His success in galvanizing the drive for civil rights, however, made him the target of conservative segregationists who believed firmly in the superiority of the white race and feared social change.
He was arrested over 20 times and his home was bombed. Ultimately, he was assassinated on April 4,on the balcony of a motel where he was staying in Memphis.
A monument to Dr. King was unveiled in the national capital in His father, in a interview, said that both he and his son were supposed to be named for the leader of the Protestant Reformation but misunderstandings led to Michael being the name on birth records.
The boy became the third member of his family to serve as pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, following in the footsteps of his grandfather and father. His training and experience as a minister undoubtedly contributed to his renowned oratorical style and cadence.
He also followed the educational path taken by his father and grandfather: He then went on to study theology at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania, an integrated school where he was elected president of his senior class although it was comprised primarily of white students.
Inhe received an advanced degree from Boston College in Massachusetts; he had completed the residence for his doctorate two years earlier. Ina Boston University investigatory committee determined he had plagiarized portions of his doctoral dissertation; plagiarism was also discovered in his word at Crozer.
However, the committee did not recommend his degree be revoked. Evidence of plagiarism had been discovered by Boston University archivists in the s.
While in Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, who would be his lifetime partner in both marriage and his campaign for civil rights. Negroes, the term then used for the African race, were relegated to the back of the bus and had to give up their seats if a white person wanted them.
Since many blacks lived in poverty or near-poverty, few could afford automobiles, and public busses were essential to them for traveling to and from work and elsewhere.
During the boycott, King became a target for segregationists. Personal abuse, arrest, and the bombing of his home made clear the risks he would be taking if he continued to work with the movement for civil rights. Inthat movement spawned a new organization, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, to focus on achieving civil rights.
King was elected president. King strongly influenced the ideals of the organization. During the next 11 years, he would speak over 2, times at public events, traveling over six million miles. He also wrote articles and five books to spread the message farther. Inhe was a leader in the massive civil rights protests at Birmingham, Alabama, that drew the attention of all America—indeed, of the entire world—to the discrimination African Americans faced and their demands for change.
Like Martin Luther King, Jr. Although King stressed nonviolence, even when confronted by violence, those who opposed change did not observe such niceties. Protestors were beaten, sprayed with high-pressure water hoses, tear-gassed, and attacked by police dogs; bombings at black churches and other locations took a number of lives; some, both black and white, who agitated for civil rights such as the right to vote were murdered, but the movement pressed on.
King was the most prominent leader in the drive to register black voters in Atlanta and the march on Washington, D. His message had moved beyond African Americans and was drawing supporters from all segments of society, many of them appalled by the violence they saw being conducted against peaceful protestors night after night on television news.
At 35, he was the youngest man ever to have received it. His anti-war position was an outgrowth of his belief in nonviolence, but to those who opposed King it intensified their belief he was pro-communist and anti-American.Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday was first observed as a national holiday in However, his life had become a fixed part of American mythology for years prior to this.
Feb 18, · Meanwhile, with the rise of the charismatic young civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. in the mids, Randolph proposed another mass march on Washington in , hoping to capitalize on.
Complete summary of Martin Luther King Jr.'s I Have a Dream speech. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of I Have a Dream speech. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday was first observed as a national holiday in However, his life had become a fixed part of American mythology for years prior to this.
Indeed, to many African Americans whose rights he helped expand, to many other minorities whose lives his victories touched. Apr 01, · Overview; Overview and History Martin Luther King Jr.'s Dream 50 Years After His Assassination Dr. Clayborne And so I think when we are looking at the modern civil rights movement or Black.
Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, Internationally, King's legacy includes influences on the Black Consciousness Movement and civil rights movement in South Africa.
After King gave his "I Have A Dream" speech during the March on Washington on August