A history of art and philosophy during the greek golden age

Accomplishments in the Golden Age of the Greeks By Ann Trent ; Updated September 29, A statue of the Greek philosopher Aristotle Ancient Greece, which consisted of a collection of city-states, the most influential of which was Athens, is often considered the birthplace of many elements of modern Western culture.

A history of art and philosophy during the greek golden age

Accomplishments in the Golden Age of the Greeks By Ann Trent ; Updated September 29, A statue of the Greek philosopher Aristotle Ancient Greece, which consisted of a collection of city-states, the most influential of which was Athens, is often considered the birthplace of many elements of modern Western culture.

The Golden Age of Greece, usually placed around to B. Democracy Greek leaders such as Solon and Pericles put in place laws and changed government structures toward a more democratic practice. Solon introduced economic reform to forgive the debts of the lower classes, therefore providing some much-needed economic equality.

A history of art and philosophy during the greek golden age

The change from aristocratic leaders to more democratic leadership happened after urgings from an aristocrat named Cleisthenes, who encouraged wider civic involvement in government. Pericles moved these initial reforms forward by encouraging equal rights for all free citizens.

Although not all people were able to vote in ancient Greece -- women, slaves and male Athenians who did not live within the city limits of Athens could not vote -- these changes in Athens created the first recorded stirrings of democracy.

Philosophy The Golden Age of Greece is probably best known for philosophy, and Socrates, Plato and Aristotle are the three greatest philosophers of the age. Socrates was known for his non-traditional teaching methods and his use of questioning to help reveal the underlying assumptions of his students.

Socrates radically challenged the cultural norms of his time, which finally earned him a trial and death sentence for "corrupting the youth" of Athens. Plato, Socrates' student, preserved the wisdom of Socrates in written accounts of his teaching.

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Plato's treatise on government, "The Republic," and his concept of forms versus material reality are still studied by philosophy students today. Aristotle, never a citizen of Athens, lived in the city for much of his life and was Plato's student.

Aristotle's writing about politics, literature and the natural world paved the way for future thinkers and scientists. Art The most significant advances in art during the Greek Golden Age were in sculpture, architecture and pottery.

Greek sculpture during this time moved from a rigid, unnatural form to more realistic and natural human forms, as demonstrated in famous surviving sculptures such as the Venus de Milo and the Winged Victory of Samothrace.

Greek architecture is known for its post and lintel style, in which a horizontal block is laid across pillars or columns.

The three major styles are Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. Greek pottery had many shapes and styles, but its most interesting aspect during the Golden Age is the use of black pigment to create figures and scenes that run horizontally across the vase.

These figures are often complex representations of mythological scenes. Theater Greek theater had its origins in religious festivals and evolved to become a complex art form during the Greek Golden Age.

Playwrights such as Aeschylus, who dramatized the story of Agamemnon, and Sophocles, writer of the famous Oedipus tragedy, are considered masters of the form. These playwrights, while they remained true to traditional myths, explored the ethical and emotional complications of traditional stories and addressed the humanity of their characters.•Athens during the Golden Age of Pericles •drama, poetry, history, sculpture, architecture, science, mathematics, and philosophy, with emphasis on Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle and art in ancient Greece.

What impact did Greek mythology have on later civilizations and the contemporary world? • Many of Western civilization's symbols. Aug 21,  · Plato was born around B.C., during the final years of the Golden Age of Pericles’ Athens.

He was of noble Athenian lineage on both sides. His father Ariston died when he was a child.

Accomplishments in the Golden Age of the Greeks | Synonym

This civil war was the beginning of the end of the Athenian Golden Age, and created an opening for later conquest by Philip of Macedon. The principles of democracy in Athens were lost, as was much of the cultural wealth of both city states. Islamic philosophy has also been described as the systematic investigation of problems connected with life, the universe, ethics, medicine, science, society, and so on as conducted in the medieval Muslim world from Persian (Avicenna, al-Biruni, al-Farabi, al-Ghazali, Khayyam, Khwarizmi, al-Razi, Suhrawardi), Arab (al-Kindi, al-Ashari, Alhazen), and Andalusian (Averroes, at-Turtushi, Ibn Hazm) Islamic philosophers, .

Pericles (l. – BCE) was a prominent Greek statesman, orator, and general during the Golden Age of Athens. The period in which he led Athens, in fact, has been called the Age of Pericles due to his influence, not only on his city 's fortunes, but on the whole of Greek history during the 5th century BCE and even after his death.

During this period of time significant advances were made in a number of fields including government, art, philosophy, drama and literature.

Some of the Greek names most familiar to us lived in this exciting and productive time.

Greece: Secrets of the Past - The Golden Age of Greece